Holocaust – Perpetrators
The National Socialist German Workers' Party or NSDAP , known as the Nazi Party, controlled Germany from 1933 to 45. Nazis labeled and isolated Jews, Gypsies, Slavs, homosexuals, political prisoners, and the mentally and physically disabled. Some were passively killed by starvation and widespread disease. Millions were murdered in attacks by the Gestapo , the SA , and the SS , in mass killings of the Einsatzgruppen, in and around Nazi concentration, and later death camps.
Although Adolf Hitler is often perceived as the chief perpetrator, there were others. Perpetrators were Nazi party leaders, bankers, professors, military officials, doctors, journalists, engineers, judges, authors, lawyers, salesmen, police, and civil servants. Perpetrators committed crimes against Jews and other undesirables for many reasons. They wanted power. They believed in an ideology of racial cleansing. They profited financially, displaced their anger from their own failures, or were perhaps "following orders."
Hitler's war against Germany's domestic enemies was waged with court decrees, a continuous flow of propaganda, and ever present violence.
Nazis began to whittle away at the rights of Jews and other party enemies soon after Hitler became Chancellor in January of 1933. One example is the treatment of German Jews. A series of laws were created banning "non-Aryans" from civil service, the legal, medical, and dental professions, teaching positions, cultural and entertainment enterprises, and the press. At the 1935 party rally, the Nuremberg Laws were announced, completing the disenfranchisement of the Jews. Jews no longer were German citizens; they were subjects. They were forbidden to marry Aryans and forbidden to fly the Reich and national flags. Jews were separated politically, socially, and legally from the Germans.
The full Nuremberg Laws are listed.
The list of discriminatory decrees against Jews as presented at the Nuremberg Trials.
Propaganda employs techniques which assume that the masses are not individuals capable of forming their own opinions. Propaganda relies on emotion rather than on logic, concentrates on a few points which are presented in simple terms, and then hammers those points repeatedly.
Adolf Hitler helped establish the Nazi party in 1920 and was the propaganda director of the Party before becoming its leader. In his book, Mein Kampf (My Struggle), written in 1924, Hitler wrote:
The function of propaganda is to attract supporters, the function of organization to win members... Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea....
Until 1929, the technical equipment available to the Nazi propagandists was rather primitive, so propaganda trucks carried posters and people shouting slogans. As microphones, loudspeakers, and other mass media developed, so did the sophistication of Nazi propaganda.
Hitler, a highly skilled orator, spoke at a number of mass rallies. These mass meetings created a sense of community, kept emotional levels high, and were a psychologically fertile environment in which to deliver propaganda. Rallies often took place in the evening when Hitler thought that people were most suggestible and least resistant. Carefully timed stage effects including: marching music, spotlights, torchlight processions, parades, flags fluttering, shouts of "Heil!," and impassioned oratory created the feeling of national unity, strength, and purpose.
A series of quotes from Mein Kampf describes in greater depth Hitler's attitude about propaganda.
Propaganda was used throughout the Nazi Party's lifetime, in its rise to power and while Hitler was Führer . Several weeks after Hitler was named Chancellor, Joseph Goebbels was appointed the Minister of People's Enlightenment and Propaganda. He had total control of radio, press, publishing, cinema, and the other arts.
The weekly newspaper, Der Stürmer, was an antisemitic newspaper with a circulation of around 500,000 at its peak in 1927. Julius Streicher, a friend of Hitler, was the founder of the antisemitic journal.
Samples of Julius Streicher's antisemitic remarks.
A brief introduction to Der Stürmer from About.com.
Photographs of many examples of Nazi propaganda are also available at the Wiesenthal Center site.
Violence--terror and death
Hitler's philosophy about terror was clear-cut:
We must be ruthless...Only thus shall we purge our people of their softness...and their degenerate delight in beer-swilling...I don't want the concentration camps transformed into penitentiaries. Terror is the most effective political instrument...It is my duty to make use of every means of training the German people to cruelty, and to prepare them for war...There must be no weakness or tenderness.
Read complete work & access resource links:
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
College of Education, University of South Florida
Archbishop John Nienstedt on
Catholic Church's opposition to same-sex marriage
by Tom Crann,
September 22, 2010 - Minnesota Public Radio
“Marriage isn't something that we create as human beings. It's already a given from the work of creation by almighty God.”
“We've been labeled as discriminating against gay people. There's no discrimination when there isn't a basic right to something. And those who have the right to marriage are men and women who want to enter into a life-long, mutually supportive and procreative relationship.”
“Marriage came long before there was any government.
And so this is a natural reality, and it's defined by the natural law, what we call the natural law. And so it precedes any government. And government is meant to support marriage between a husband and a wife in order to give it a context for the raising of children and the protection of children.”
“Audio excerpt from Nienstedt's remarks: The archdiocese believes that the time has come for voters to be presented directly with an amendment to our state constitution to preserve our historic understanding of marriage. In fact, this is the only way to put the one man, one woman definition of marriage beyond the reach of the courts and politicians.
Crann: Is that, in fact, a political statement?
Nienstedt: I don't believe so, no. I think that's a reasonable, common sense thing.”
Anti-gay marriage DVDs - UNSUBSTANTIATED - Nienstedt (Minnesota) & Benedict XVI, gay marriage, like Galileo Against Nature law – “It is Common Sense” ??? -> Kids Are Being Hurt!!!
Catholics to get DVDs OPPOSING GAY MARRIAGE
By Mary Jane Smetanka,
September 21, 2010
Star Tribune - Minneapolis – St. Paul, Minnesota
Critics say the mailing, from state bishops, is aimed at November voters.
More than 400,000 DVDs are being mailed to the homes of Minnesota Catholics on Wednesday, courtesy of Catholic bishops in the state who want to stop the campaign to legalize same-sex marriage in its tracks.
The 18-minute DVD includes an appearance from St. Paul and Minneapolis Archbishop John Nienstedt in which he says it is time for Minnesotans -- not the "ruling elite" of legislators and judges -- to vote on a constitutional amendment defining marriage as between one man and one woman. Thirty-one states have passed such an amendment.
"It is the people themselves and not politicians or judges who should make this decision," Nienstedt says on the DVD. "This is the only way to put the one man, one woman definition of marriage beyond the reach of the courts and politicians."
OPPOSING Gay Marriage DVDs - BENEDICT XVI & NIENSTEDT, Archbishop Mailing to all Minnesota Catholics – UNSUBSTANTIATED content -> Kids Are Being Hurt!!!
The People Elect Their Bishops - Not Bishops or Popes the "ruling elite"
Early liturgical texts testify to the election and ordination of bishops. The Didache or The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, of the second century, states: “You must, then, elect for yourselves bishops and deacons who are a credit to the Lord, men who are gentle, generous, faithful, and well tried.” In the early third century, Hippolytus of Rome, in his Apostolic Tradition, asserted that, “He who is ordained as a bishop, being chosen by all the people, must be irreproachable.”
Read complete paper: Joseph F. O’Callaghan, Professor Emeritus of Medieval History - Fordham University
Homosexuals-> HOLOCAUST – Hitler and JUSTIFIED DISCRIMINATION - Benedict XVI
“Stern opposition to homosexuality” “homosexuality had to be eradicated”
New Rules Affirm Pope Benedict's Stance Against Gays - By Daniel Williams - October 8, 2005 - Washington Post
ROME, Oct. 8 -- In the first five months of Pope Benedict XVI's reign, stern opposition to homosexuality in and outside the Roman Catholic Church has quickly become a prime public message for the Vatican.
The new pontiff plans to issue guidelines that attempt to inhibit homosexuals from entering seminaries to train for the priesthood. Church inspectors have embarked on a tour of U.S. seminaries and, according to their working papers, are tasked to ask: "Is there evidence of homosexuality in the seminary? (This question must be answered.)"
Benedict also has energetically fought legal recognition of homosexual couples.
For the church and for Benedict, taking a public stance on homosexuality is not unusual. Church observers have noted that for the quarter-century before becoming pope, Benedict, then known as Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, served as the Vatican's chief enforcer of orthodoxy, drafting official positions regarding homosexuality.
"No doctrinal chief has ever written and spoken about homosexuality as extensively as Ratzinger has, because homosexuals have never had the freedom to organize and demand recognition they enjoy today," wrote author John L. Allen Jr. in a biography of Benedict, published before he became pope.
Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals
After taking power in 1933, the Nazis persecuted homosexuals as part of their so-called moral crusade to racially and culturally purify Germany. This persecution ranged from dissolution of homosexual organizations to internment of thousands of individuals in concentration camps. Gay men, in particular, were subject to harassment, arrest, incarceration, and even castration.
Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945
3. NAZI IDEOLOGY OF PERSECUTION
The Nazi state, in Adolf Hitler's words, intended "to promote the victory of the better and the stronger and demand the subordination of the inferior and weaker."
…Homosexuality, the Nazis charged, weakened Germany in several ways. It was accused of being a factor in the declining birthrate that threatened to leave the nation unable to sustain itself. It was also feared as an "infection" that could become an "epidemic," particularly among the nation's vulnerable youth. …It endangered public morality and contributed to the decline of the community. For the good of the state, the Nazis asserted, homosexuality had to be eradicated.
Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945
4. CRACKDOWN, SURVEILLANCE, AND POLICE LISTS
Germany's homosexuals felt the impact of the new regime within weeks of Adolf Hitler's appointment as chancellor. …During the next several months, most gathering places for homosexual men and women closed, fundamentally disrupting their public lives.
Police face terrorist stalking to arrest 30 Nazi-linked gang members – March 22, 2010
By Deborah Dupré, Human Rights Examiner
… How many of them would have worked in concert to keep the officers under surveillance, to know when the officers would be away, to set the traps? A gang of them. Some people refer to such activity as "gang-stalking." What targets report about of this new type of stalking violence, however, is always more lethal than standard terrifying stalking, as the courageous officers experienced.
Two senior stalking specialist psychiatrists, Emmelkamph and Kamphius, refer to this pattern of "stalking" tactics as "extreme" and include multi-stalking and weapons. Extremists involved in "gangs," or cells, apply this new form of underreported terror in communities across the nation, secretly ruining lives…
Gay Marriage Ruling A Matter of Simple Justice
by Geoffrey R. Stone
law professor at the
University of Chicago - Chicago Tribune
"Who does he think he is, anyway? Thirty-one states have put the issue of same-sex marriage to a vote in recent years, and every single one of them has rejected it. Now, here comes another activist judge blatantly disregarding the will of the majority and holding that 'We the People' can't do what we want. It's an outrage, I tell you, an outrage."
This more or less captures the tone of much of the criticism of Judge Vaughn Walker's decision in Perry v. Schwarzenegger, holding California's Proposition 8 unconstitutional. This criticism is based on a deep misunderstanding of what "We the People" means. The United States Constitution is premised on the notion of majority rule, but with a very important caveat.
The framers of our Constitution fully recognized the dangers as well as the strengths of majority rule. They understood that THE MAJORITY will sometimes act in ways that are not truly public-regarding, but are instead a reflection of prejudice, intolerance, ignorance, panic and crude self-interest. A profound puzzle the framers encountered was how to deal with this danger.
The idea of a Bill of Rights that would forbid the government (the majority) from depriving individuals of certain fundamental liberties without good cause had appeal, but as James Madison acknowledged, these "parchment barriers" could not meaningfully restrain the majority from doing what it wants, if the majority has the final word on what those liberties mean. Read more –
PROTECTION OF CHILDREN
California - Prop 8 judgment, August 4, 2010 - Gay marriage
“Religious beliefs that gay and lesbian relationships are sinful or inferior to heterosexual relationships harm gays and lesbians.”
Judge Vaughn Walker
On Prop 8, it's the evidence, stupid
By Lisa Bloom - CNN.com
and related links:
American Academy of Pediatrics
The Effects of Marriage, Civil Union, and Domestic Partnership Laws on
the Health and Well-being of Children – 2006
Threats, Silence, Harm and Disposal of Catholic Personnel Supportive of LGBT Adults and Children - Ratzinger/Benedict XVI’s Directives To Hierarchy
By Fr. Marty Kurylowicz
Gay Marriage - WITCH HUNTS ->
The Crucible (1996) -> McCarthyism 1940’s -1950’s, -> Benedict XVI 2005
Gay Marriage - “SEPARATION BETWEEN CHURCH AND STATE”
Does Not Give Churches Or Benedict XVI
The Freedom To Abuse Children or Adults. July 2010 - By Fr. Marty Kurylowicz
Gay Marriage & Galileo:
Pope described as …"so averse to anything intellectual that everyone has to play dense and ignorant to gain his favor"
The Trial of Galileo - by Douglas O. Linder (2002)
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI-KANSAS CITY (UMKC) SCHOOL OF LAW
Motto at Buchenwald (Nazi concentration camp)
"Break the body...
"break the spirit...
"break the heart."
A decree signed by Adolf Hitler...
directing all persons accused...
or suspected of disloyalty
or resistance of any sort...
might be ARRESTED SECRETLY...
WITH NO NOTICE TO FRIENDS OR RELATIVES,
WITHOUT ANY TRIAL WHATSOEVER...
AND PUT INTO CONCENTRATION CAMPS.
Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
There was a fever over the land.
A fever of disgrace, of indignity, of hunger.
We had a democracy, yes.
But it was torn by elements within.
Above all, there was fear:
Fear of today, fear of tomorrow...
fear of our neighbors...
and fear of ourselves.
Only when you understand that...
can you understand what Hitler meant to us.
Because he said to us:
"Lift your heads.
"Be proud to be German.
"There are devils among us:
"Communists, liberals, Jews, Gypsies.
"Once these devils will be destroyed, your misery will be destroyed."
It was the old story of the sacrificial lamb.
WHAT ABOUT THOSE OF US WHO KNEW BETTER?
WE WHO KNEW THE WORDS WERE LIES, AND WORSE THAN LIES?
Why did we sit silent?
Why did we take part?
Because we loved our country.
What difference does it make...
if a few political extremists
lose their rights?
What difference does it make
if a few racial minorities lose their rights?
It is only a passing phase.
It is only a stage we are going through.
It will be discarded sooner or later.
will be discarded sooner or later.
The country is in danger.
We will march out of the shadows.
We will go forward.
Forward is the great password.
And history tells
how well we succeeded, Your Honor.
We succeeded beyond our wildest dreams.
The very elements of HATE and POWER
that mesmerized Germany
mesmerized the world.
We found ourselves
with sudden, powerful allies.
Things that had been denied to us
as a democracy...
were open to us now.
The world said, "Go ahead, take it.
"Take Sudetenland, take the Rhineland,
"Take all of Austria. Take it."
And then, one day, we looked around...
and found that we were
in an even more terrible danger.
Judgment At Nuremburg Script - Dialogue Transcript
“Someday, maybe, there will exist a well-informed, well considered and yet fervent public conviction that the most deadly of all possible sins is the mutilation of a child’s spirit.”
…whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it would be better for him to have a heavy millstone hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depth of the sea.
Important note: No disrespect meant to Pope Benedict XVI or the hierarchy, the one and only concern is the safety and well-being of children.
Kids Are Being Hurt !!!